KEY CONCEPTS

TERMBASES

Broad Love Extending to All

On the semantic level, fan’ai (泛爱), like the term bo’ai (博爱), means a broad love that extends to all. However, in the history of Chinese thought, it has been used with a different connotation: while bo’ai generally suggests “love of all human beings,” fan’ai infers “love of all humans as well as all things.” It means the same as what Mencius(372-289 BC) advocated that men of virtue should love others and treasure everything on earth, and what Zhang Zai (1020-1077)proposed that all people are brothers and sisters, and all things are companions.

CITATION
1

Confucius said, “At home treat parents with reverence, outside treat elders with respect, be circumspect and honest, love all people, and frequent those who are magnanimous and virtuous.”

CITATION
2

Love all things and creatures, for they form an organic whole.

TAGS:

CORRELATION