Originally this termindicated that a woman had a delicate figure, that she was fleshy and limber. Laterit was used to judge calligraphy and painting, indicating that the circulationof the writing brush was lavish and vigorous, but that the strength of the bone(structure) was weak. Bone (structure) means skeletal structure, indicatingweakness or vigo…

Promote what is beneficial to the people; eliminate what is not. Those in power should place the interests of the public at the forefront of their concerns, focusing on what is beneficial and eliminating what is harmful. In ancient China, Confucians, Mohists, and Legalists all held that this was the fundamental duty of a ruler, and determined whethe…

The term refers to the highest realm of human integrity and morality, hence one who has reached this state is a sage. It is often used in relation to “wisdom,” since one who is a wise man understands the way of man, while one who is a sage understands the way of heaven. Thus a sage with knowledge of the way of heaven will interact successfully wit…

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