The Three Elements refer to heaven, earth, and man. When explaining the trigrams, Commentary on The Book of Changes proposes the idea of “the Three Elements.” In a trigram which consists of six undivided and divided lines, the first and second lines at the bottom represent earth, the third and fourth lines in the center represent man who lives bet…

The term is a metaphor about giving the finishing touch, which means providing critical details or key words in an artistic or literary work in order to lend it charm and aesthetic conception. Mencius believed that when observing a person, one should look directly into his eyes because the eyes reveal his nature, be it good or evil. When painting po…

The pursuit of moral principles in daily life should be true and sincere. “Being sincere in thought” is one of the “eight essential principles” from the philosophical text The Great Learning, the other seven being “studying things,” “acquiring knowledge,” “rectifying one’s mind,” “cultivating oneself,” “regulating one’s family well,”…

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