Recluse poetry refers to poems written by literary figures who retreated to the remote mountains or countryside and expressed their sentiments through depicting this kind of life. Some Chinese scholars in the old days, having disdain for taking official position or were dissatisfied with political reality of the day, chose to live in seclusion in mo…

This term refers to moralconduct that is discreet and unobtrusive. The Daoists believe this is thehighest manifestation of morality in a ruler. Dao is the source of all beingsand things, and is manifested through wuwei (无为) or non-action. Bybeing discreet and unobtrusive in his moral conduct, the ruler thus emulatesDao. Xuande (玄德) requires the …

The term stands for perpetual change. According to The Book of Changes, while shengsheng (生生) here means continued growth and perpetual change, it can be understood at two levels. First, in regard to the existence of all things, it is the interaction of yin and yang that drives the process of the endless cycle of birth, rebirth, and change of heav…

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