This term means the laws that determine thephysical features of plains, mountains and rivers. The term is from The Book of Changes, and it means thatthe uneven topography of the land, and the direction of rivers and mountains areall determined by certain constant laws. The ancient Chinese believed that bothhuman relationships and all things in the u…

This term refers to an effect that allows lasting satisfaction and rewarding in poetry appreciation, which is a particular sense of beauty offered by poetry. In the Southern Dynasties, poetry critic Zhong Rong proposed in “The Critique of Poetry” that in writing five-character-per-line poems, one should pay special attention to the combination of …

Running script is a calligraphic form between cursive script and regularscript. A Chinese character written in the style of running script retains thebasic structure of characters written in official script. Running scriptfeatures smoothly-linked strokes, and the characters written in this style areeasy to recognize. Generally, people believe that r…

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